Concept of Organizing: Meaning, Definition, Importance and Process

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In this article we will discuss about Concept of Organizing: Meaning, Definition, Importance and Process.




Meaning


In business organization, the first step is to think is advance what to do, how to do and for whom it has been done that is called as planning. After planning, organizing is next step in which Different activities are identified and grouping in organization which helps in bringing together Physical, Financial and human resources. It helps business organization to achieve its goals in effective and efficient manner.

Definitions

  1. Henry Fayol -

“To organize a business is to provide it with every useful to its functioning; raw materials, machine and tools, capital and personnel”.

  1. R.Terry –

“Organising is the establishing of effective authority relationship among selected work, persons and work places in order for the group to work together efficiently”.

Importance





  1. Specialization: Organizing process is specialized in nature because in this step each and every role is assigned to different individuals who are specialized in their different field.

  2. Role clarity: In organizing process the role is individuals are defines clearly which doesn’t create confusion. This role/job is defined in written that are called as job description.

  3. Optimum utilization of resources: Organizing leads to proper utilization of all material, financial and human resource.

  4. Clarity in working relationship: In organizing process the work of every individual is defined individually and it also defines that who is to report to whom.

Process of Organizing



  1. Identification and division of work: Organizing process started with the identification of work in organization and division of that work into small units. Each unit of work is assigned to different person for getting working done.



  1. Grouping the jobs and Departmentalization: After identification and division of work when the work is assigned in small units that are called as job and organization maintain department of specialized work. It can be divided into two departments are:



   # Functional

   # Divisional

  1. Assignment of Duties: It is necessary to allocate work to various employees and the work is assigned to employees according to skills and qualification.



  1. Establishing Reporting Relationship: It is the lat process in organizing process after assignment of duties to individuals. After completion of their work they prepare final report and submit to their executive.



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Business Environment: Meaning, Categories and Features/Nature.

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In this article we will discuss about Business Environment: Meaning, Categories, and Features/Nature.




Meaning





Business Environment means all those factors which are affecting business whether directly or indirectly. Business environment includes all those factors, forces and institutions which help business organization to achieve their goals.







Category of Business Environment

The business environment consists of two categories are:



  1. Economic Environment: It consists of all those factors which are differently affect business environment like Fiscal Policy, Industrial Policy, Monetary Policy, etc.

  2. Non-Economic Environment: It consists of all those factors which are indirectly affect business environment like Social, Legal, Political, Technical, and Cultural Environment.

Features/Nature of Business Environment

  1. External forces: It includes all those factors, intuitions and forces which are directly affect business environment.

  2. Specific or General Forces: It includes all those specific Forces which are affecting business indirectly are customer, investor, social, legal, Technical, Political, etc.

  3. Complex: Business Environment is very complex in nature but it very difficult to understand the impact of business environment on company. It is easy to understand but difficult to know how it changes business decisions.

  4. Dynamic: Business Environment is dynamic in nature because it is flexible in nature and it affects business directly or indirectly. Environment never remains constant or static for a longer period of time. The government may change certain policies; there may be changes in consumer tastes, preferences etc. changes in technology also affect the business.

  5. Inter-relation: All the forces and factors which are directly are indirectly affects business environment are inter related to each other.

  6. Relativity: Business Environment is relative in nature because its impact on different companies may different. It is related to the local conditions and that's why the business environment happens to be different in different countries and different even in the same country at different places.

So we will discussed In this article we will discuss about Business Environment: Meaning, Categories, and Features/Nature. For any query comment below.

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Principles of Management: Meaning, Features/Nature, Importance and itsDerivation

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In this article we will discuss about Principles of Management: Meaning, Features/Nature, Importance and its Derivation.




Meaning


The word principles mean a fundamental concept which defines rules and truths of organization. It helps organization in taking action or decision on business management. Principles of management are an essential factor of the company which helps in management of all works effectively & efficiently. There are some Principles of Management by Henry Fayol based on truth which helps organization in taking any decision regarding business management.


Features    





  1. Universal in nature: The principle of management is universal in nature because it is applicable for all type of organization whether it is partnership or sole. It is suitable for all type of organization which helps in decision making.

  2. Flexibility: The principle of management is flexible in nature because it can be applied under any condition and also in any organization.

  3. General guidelines: The Principle of management provides general guidelines to business organization which helps in taking decision and management planning.

  4. Behavioral in nature: The Principle of Management helps organization to built-up relationship within organization. It also guides and influences the behavior of the employees.

Derivation of Management Principle


The Management Principle is derived after analysis and observation by the researchers. It can’t be observed within one night or day, it takes several time by the procedure of the researchers. For the development of management principles there are two steps:

  1. Deep observation: At the time of derivation of Management principles researchers faced many of the problems and they overcome with these problems by observing them deeply. The observer’s notes down works are working in their fields and note the reaction of situation.

  2. Repeated experiments: The decision of the management is observed on daily basis and experiment it on different organization. If they get same result from all organization then principle of management formed.
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Levels of Management: Top, Middle and Lower or Supervisory level

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In this article we will discuss about Different levels of Management: Top Level, Middle Level and Lower or Supervisory or Operational Level and how it helps business management in differentiation in work.








Management 

Concept of Management -Meaning ,Definition,Features, Objectives and Importance





Management is a process of an organisation in which things has been done in proper manner with the objective of achieving organisational goal.

It is also known as internal environment of an organisation where individuals working in group effectively and efficiently to achieve goal of an organisation.













LEVELS OF MANAGEMENT

There are three levels of management are Top level Management, Middle Level Management, and Lower Level Management. Lower level is also known as Supervisory or Operational Level. In business management, it doesn’t refer to a single person but it means group of individuals who are ready to work together. Business management have different place to perform, so the work has been divided into different levels like: Top, Middle and Lower Level.



  1. Top Level Management: - Top level management is a upper level of business management and it consists of Chairman, Board of Directors, Managing Directors, General manager, Vice-President, C.E.O (Chief Executive Officer), etc. These managers are responsible for controlling and overseeing the entire organization. They develop goals, strategic plans, company policies, and make decisions on the direction of the business.

  2. Middle Level Management: - Middle level of management consists of Purchase Manager, Sales Manager, Marketing Manager, Executive Manager, Divisional Heads, etc. The main role of middle level of manager is to linking between Top and Lower level. They also organize different activities in business organization and they also direct and control employees.

  3. Lower Level Management: - Lower level of management consists of supervisors, foreman, Clerk, etc. They maintain activities of business and maintaining good working conditions and maintain healthy relation within organization which helps organization to achieve their goals.

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Human Resource Management and its function in organization

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In this article we will discuss about Human Resource Management and its function in organization.

HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Human Resource Management refers to HRM or HR of the organization who have main role in business organization. Human resource management involves management which is managed by human resource. HR is the main person in an organization who control whole work of an organization and minimize   efficiency and effectiveness of a business organization. Mainly HR department is designed to maximize employees Service, to recruit, select, Training and other functions related to employees.