Concept of Unity of Command and Unity of Direction and differencebetween Unity of Command and Unity of Direction with its comparison.

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 In this article we will discuss about Concept of Unity of Command and Unity of Direction and difference between Unity of Command and unity of Direction with its comparison.




Unit of Command


According to this principle only one boss passed order to employees because when employees get order from more than one boss that cause confusion with employees which are harmful to business. So, to reduction of confusion, the order must come from one boss.





Positive effects

  • Improve efficiency.

  • No confusion created

  • No ego clashes



Unity of Direction

According to this principle employees and members of the organization should be in one direction that is achievement of an organization common goal. It means one unit means one plan, which simply defines that the direction of working employees and the members of an organization must be in same direction because it maintains coordination and decrease confusion with employees and members of an organization; they are directed toward a common organizational


Positive effects



  • Maintenance of coordination

  • Directed toward common goal

Difference between Unity of Command and Unity of Direction with its comparison.






Basis of differenceUnity of commandUnity of Direction
MeaningAccording to this principle only one boss passed order to employees because when employees get order from more than one boss that cause confusion with employees which are harmful to business.According to this principle employees and members of the organization should be in one direction that is achievement of an organization common goal.
It insistsOne boss on one subordinateOne unit one plan
PurposeTo avoid confusion and fix responsibility on employeesTo direct employee efforts in one direction for achievement of department goal
RelationFunction of employees with clear mindFunction of organization as a whole or as one unit
EmphasisSystematic working and improve efficiencyCoordinate activities of different personnel’s.

So we will discuss Concept of Unity of Command and Unity of Direction and difference between Unity of Command and unity of Direction with its comparison. For any query comment below.





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Difference between contribution of Henry Fayol’s and F.W.Taylor inmanagement Principles with its comparison.

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In this article we will discuss about Difference between contribution of Henry Fayol’s and F.W.Taylor in management Principles with its comparison.




Henry Fayol’s




Fayol developed principles of management and he was born in 1841 in France. His full name is Henry Fayol and he was a coal mine engineer.   In 1888 he was promoted as managing director of the company. He is very hardworking person, when his company in a situation of insolvency he tried his best in working of a company and he will succeed in his mission. He is a founder of management 14 principles. He leads company for their strong financial background and he will be retired after 30 years.


Henry Fayol is known as “Father of Management studies and Thoughts” because:

  • He Distinct managerial and technical skills

  • He identifies steps in management process like planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.

  • He develops 14 principles of management.

F.W.Taylor


F.W.Taylor was born in 1856 and in 1878 he joined Midval steel company as an mechanical engineer. His principles and methods are based on observation of various factories. He becomes a famous Father of scientific management.

Difference between contribution of Henry Fayol’s and F.W.Taylor in management Principles with its comparison.

Taylor’s scientific views on industries are written on research paper and books

He publishes Shop management, and Principle of scientific management.


Difference between Henry Fayol’s and F.W.Taylor in management Principles with its comparison.





Basis for differenceF.W.TaylorHenry Fayol
ConcernThe Techniques and principles of Taylor are concerned with efficiency of workers.The principles of Henry Fayol concerned with management efficiency.
EmphasisStandard of workManagers function
Main FocusHe mainly focus on wasteful movements and saving energy of workersHe mainly focus on improvement of overall station achievement.
Unity of commandHe didn’t follow this principleHe strictly follow unity of command and said only one boss for one employee.
ExpressionTechniques are expressed as scientific managementTechniques are generally expressed as administration theory.
ApplicabilityTaylor principles are Applicable to specialized situationFayol principles are Applicable universally.

So we will discuss about Difference between contribution of Henry Fayol’s and F.W.Taylor in management Principles with its comparison.




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Fayol’s Principles of Management with his Background, History and hismajor contributions toward Management

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In this article we will discuss about Fayol’s Principles of Management with his Background, History and his major contributions toward Management.




Background and History of Fayol’s

Fayol developed principles of management and he was born in 1841 in France. His full name is Henry Fayol and he was a coal mine engineer.   In 1888 he was promoted as managing director of the company. He is very hardworking person, when his company in a situation of insolvency he tried his best in working of a company and he will succeed in his mission. He is a founder of management 14 principles. He leads company for their strong financial background and he will be retired after 30 years.

Contributions toward management

Henry Fayol is known as “Father of Management studies and Thoughts” because:

  • He Distinct managerial and technical skills

  • He identifies steps in management process like planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.

  • He develops 14 principles of management.












Management Principles by Fayol

·        Division of Work

·        Authority and Responsibility

·        Discipline

·        Unity of Command

·        Unity of Direction

·        Subordinate of Individual or subordinate                  interest

·        Remuneration of persons

·        Centralization and Decentralization

·        Scalar chain

·        Order

·        Equity

·        Stability of Tenure of Personnel

·        Initiative

·        Espirit de corps


1.Division of work: - According to this principle the organization work is divided in different task and that work is assigned to different persons in organization according to their capability, qualification and experience. When a specialized person doing a specific task it helps management in development.


2.Authority and Responsibility: -Authority means a decision making power and


Responsibility is an obligation to complete job on time. According to Fayol there is stability between authority and responsibility. If authority exceed it may brings negative result and if responsibility exceed it becomes overlapping of work and person do not complete on time.






3.Discipline: - It means some rules regulation in organization for smooth working. According to Fayol discipline required at every level whether it is superior or subordinate level, these rules and regulation are necessary to all worker of organization.




4.Unity of Command: - According to this principle only one boss passed order to employees because when employees get order from more than one boss that cause confusion with employees which are harmful to business. So, to reduction of confusion, the order must come from one boss.






5.Unity of Direction: - According to this principle employees and members of the organization should be in one direction that is achievement of an organization common goal.








6.Subordination of Individual Interest to General Interest: - According to this principle interest of an organization and individual must be sacrificed for each other. The main motive of employees and individual is to achievement of organizational goal.







7.Remuneration of persons: -In this management principle remuneration of person is important in organization because Remuneration helps to motivation of employees.



8.Centralization and Decentralization: -Centralization means concentration of power or authority in few hands. Decentralization means distribution of power at every level. According to the Fayol company should be centralized or decentralized according to nature and size of company.



9.Scalar chain: - According to Fayol chain must be followed strictly in the organization. All information must pass through chain from higher level to lower level or vice-versa.





10.Order: - In this principle order doesn’t a mean command it means orderly arrangement of man and material. Fayol insists that every man and material have fixed place which doesn’t take more time or energy to find out.






11.Equity: -Equity involves treatment of employees in equal manner no one is superior and no one is subordinate for company. All the persons who are working in a company are equal for company.







12.Stability of Tenure of Personnel: -According to fayol management must provides felling of job to every employees because if they feel insecurity they cannot contribute their best and maximum.




13.Initiative: -It includes chalking plans and then implementing them. According to Fayol in every organization employees get opportunity to take initiatives which develop their skills and motivate employees of organization.




14. Espirit de Corps: -Espirit de Corp means union is strength. Fayol said that every employees of company works in team, and its duty of every employees to their best to fulfill team goal. It helps organization to develop team spirit and achievement of group goal.

So we will discuss Fayol’s Principles of Management with his Background, History and his major contributions toward Management. For any query comment below.






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Difference between Coordination and cooperation with its comparison

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In this article we will discuss Difference between Coordination and cooperation with its comparison.




Coordination




Coordination is also a very important function of an organization to perform various activities and it is not only important function but also an essence of Management.

According to Mooney and Reelay, “Coordination is orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals”.

According to Charles Worth, “Coordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding”.

Generally coordination means bringing together activities and resources of an organization and brings harmony in them.

Cooperation



The word cooperation means “to work together” ,and it is a process in a organization which involves working together for an common goal and its is helpful to organization to improve their workings and integration.

It refers to voluntary efforts of individuals to work together and help each other and it has narrow scope. It is important function in organisation and it depends upon coordination , without coordination it is incomplete.


Difference between Coordination and cooperation with its comparison.








BasisCoordinationCooperation
MeaningCoordination is also a very important function of an organization to perform various activities and it is not only important function but also an essence of management.Cooperation means a process in a organization which involves working together for an common goal and its is helpful to organization to improve their workings.

NatureIt is conscious and deliberate action of managerIt is voluntary employees efforts
InterdependenceCoordination is interdependence with cooperation because it is incomplete without it.Cooperation is also depends upon coordination because it is meaningless without it.
ScopeCoordination has wider scope.Cooperation has narrow scope.
RelationsCoordination has relation with both formal and informal.It has only relation with informal.

So we will discuss Difference between Coordination and cooperation with its comparison. For any query comment below.





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